Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic nephropathy is the damage to kidney caused by diabetes. In many cases it can lead to kidney failure but not everyone with diabetes has kidney damage. The kidney has many tiny blood vessels that filter waste from blood. High blood sugar from diabetes can destroy these blood vessels. If the person has high blood pressure or high cholesterol then there’s a high risk. There is no symptom in the early stages therefore it is important to have regular urine test to find kidney damage early. If kidneys are less able to do their work then noticeable changes such as swelling in body, most often in feet and leg can be found. The problem is diagnosed using simple tests that check for a protein called albumin in the urine. Urine doesn’t usually contain protein but in early stages of kidney damage before one get any symptoms some protein may be found in urine, because kidney isn’t able to filter it out the way it should do. The main treatment is medicine to lower blood pressure and prevent the damage to kidney.

  • ACE inhibitor
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers

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