Diabetes Mellitus and Borderline Diabetes/Pre Cursor
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders, characterized by elevated blood glucose levels. Diabetes occur if the body either does not produce enough insulin hormone, or because cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin produced (insulin resistance) or both. Borderline diabetes otherwise also known as pre diabetes, it’s a condition that develops before someone gets type 2 diabetes. It’s also known as impaired fasting glucose or glucose intolerance. Basically it is meant that blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but they are not quite enough to be known as diabetes. During pre-diabetes phase, pancreas still produces enough insulin in response to ingested carbohydrates. The insulin is effective at removing the sugar from the bloodstream, though, so our blood sugar remains high. This condition is called insulin resistance. The A1C test is an indirect but reliable way of measuring the average blood sugar levels over the past 2 to 3 months. Pre diabetes is diagnosed when higher blood sugar levels are shown by an A1C Test result of between 5.7 and 6.4 percent. Fasting blood sugar levels in the range of 100- 125 mg/dL indicates pre diabetes, as do non fasting levels of 140-199 mg/Dl. This reading confirms the diagnosis of pre diabetes.